投奔怒海

原文:投奔怒海 Boat People,2009年1月18日
修订:2014年1月3日

子贡问政,孔子说国家要安定只需三个条件:“足兵、足食、民信之矣。” 战争扭曲人性,摧毁家园。我们花大钱建立国防,就是为了避免战争。

五年前的农历新年前,重看《投奔怒海》后写下了这篇文章。当时问自己:26年前的农历新年除夕夜,你在做什么?

为什么26?广东话26谐音“易禄”,福建话谐音“易luck”,都是好兆头,在经济不景的年头,特别动听。

现在再回顾,应该是31年前的除夕夜,你在做什么?

1983年,除夕夜,奥迪安戏院。赐福、健茂和我赶半夜场,为了《投奔怒海》,也为了许鞍华、林子祥、缪骞人。看过很好看的电影后才认识新扎的马斯晨和二十岁的刘德华。31年后,建筑风貌自成一格的奥迪安戏院早已落幕了,曲终人散之余,林子祥和刘德华还是娱乐界的常青树,林子祥依旧活跃歌坛,刘德华还投资拍片,最令人感动的是投下巨资,拍摄以香港妈姐为题材的写实电影《桃姐》,向干妈叶德娴报恩,叶德娴凭她多年来的历练再度获得金马奖最佳女演员奖。

《投奔怒海》中的林子祥和马斯晨

《投奔怒海》中的林子祥和马斯晨

《投奔怒海》在百部经典港片中名列第五,故事追溯到1975年越共解放越南,日本记者芥川在岘港现场采访当时实况。三年后芥川重游旧地,认识了琴娘一家,并拍摄了不少珍贵照片。当地唯一被留下来的酒吧,由一位过气妈妈生主理。祖明既是她的情人,也是常客,正设法逃离越南。为了筹钱他袭击芥川,想抢去他的相机而被捕。后来芥川与祖明成了朋友,芥川获得特许,送祖明到新经济区挖地雷,然而在那里,每天都有人遇上爆炸而无辜死去。芥川决定尽一切努力安排琴娘及二弟逃离越南,祖明也决意登上难民船,投奔怒海。芥川则在码头被焚,倒了下去…..。

当年军训长途行军,每当经过三巴旺的越南难民营,心头便会一酸。难民站在铁丝网篱笆内,带着形形色色的眼光与表情目送我们静悄悄地走过那道篱笆,那段短短的路似乎没有尽头…..

1963年Bob Dylan的反战歌曲Blowin’ in the Wind强烈反映了人们反战的心态:

How many roads must a man walk down, before you call him a man? Yes and how many seas must the white dove sail, before she sleeps in the sand? Yes and how many times must the cannon balls fly, before they’re forever banned? The answer my friend is blowing in the wind, the answer is blowing in the wind.

摄影师Nick Ut (Ut Cong Huynh) 的越战照片,在1972年获得Pulitzer新闻照片奖。当时南越军机轰炸被越共占领的展鹏地区,美国机师误炸寺庙,有一群平民和南越军人躲藏在里头。寺庙被炸后,众人跑到街上逃生。有个九岁大的女童严重烧伤,裸着身体边跑边哭叫着“烫啊!烫啊!”

摄影师 Nick Ut

摄影师 Nick Ut

Nick Ut把女童送到医院。女童留医14个月,动了17次手术,竟然奇迹般生还过来。女童名叫潘金福(Kim Phuc),1986年获准离开越南,到古巴留学,Nick Ut 也找到古巴來,探望他当年救过的小女童。在那里潘金福遇到越南青年Bui Huy Tuan,1992年兩人在古巴共结连理。潘金福在1996年美国越战退伍軍人紀念日发表演说,訴说那段痛苦的战争经历,她说往者已往,来日可追,现在不会怪罪任何人。

烫啊!烫啊!

烫啊!烫啊!

越战退伍軍人John Plummer已成为一名牧师,他公开承认当年有份策划空袭,要求与潘金福见面,请求宽恕。

1997年,潘金福成为加拿大公民兼联合国亲善大使; 2000年,潘金福在加拿大成立了Kim Phuc Foundation International,致力帮助世界上受战争创伤的儿童。2008年6月30日,她在加拿大国家电台发表演说 “The Long Road to Forgiveness”。从痛苦到接受,从释怀到宽恕是一段漫长的心路历程。

2012年,距离那场越战时期“错误的轰炸”四十年,潘金福接受联合国教科文组织(UNESCO)的访问,以感恩的心态来感激使她继续活着的众人,并能够以联合国亲善大使的身份来协助他人:

“The 40th anniversary means so much to me. I am thankful to be alive and to have learned a lot from this tragedy. 40 years on, I am better not bitter, and the tragedy I experienced has helped me discover the meaning of life. I thank God for happy endings. I had the opportunity to continue living, and for this I celebrate life and honor the people who are involved in my life: the photographer who took my picture, the journalists who spread my story around the world, my father and mother, my husband and my friends. I am thrilled to be alive and the most important highlight of this life is to be UNESCO’s Goodwill Ambassador and to help others through the Kim Foundation. Every moment is a blessing.”

根据UNESCO的资讯,潘金福和她的家人还继续资助乌干达、阿富汗、肯亚等地区的儿童,让他们有机会上学和受到医疗照顾。

潘金福,联合国亲善大使

潘金福,联合国亲善大使

How many times must a man look up before he can see the sky? Yes and how many ears must one man have before he can hear people cry? Yes and how many deaths will it take till he knows that too many people have died?

How many years can a mountain exist before it is washed to the sea? Yes and how many years can some people exist before they’re allowed to be free? Yes and how many times can a man turn his head pretending that he just doesn’t see?

The answer my friend is blowing in the wind, the answer is blowing in the wind.

这就是多年以后重看《投奔怒海》的震撼。在人类发展史上,战争并没有平息。农历新年将至,还是那句藏在心头多年的老话,我们要和平不要战争,愿国泰民安。

相关链接:
失落的西贡岛
西贡之春
越南船民 Vietnamese boat people

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About 国樑 KL

春有百花秋有月,夏有凉风冬有雪。若无闲事在心头,便是人间好时节。
This entry was posted in 歌影视话戏剧人生 and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

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